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All About Japanese Particles: けれども (keredomo)

[Serie: All About Japanese Particles]

Note: (1) More colloquial forms of keredomo are keredo, kedo, and kedomo. Keredomo in all its forms lends a softer tone, and in its full form (not the alternative forms) tends to be preceded by desu and the -masu verb forms. (2) In each of the usages below, ga (#2, II-1, 2, 4, 5, 6) can replace keredomo and its more informal variations.

1. Used between two clauses to indicate that they are opposed in meaning: “but, although.”

Tenki-yohō de kyō wa ame wa furanai to itta-n desu keredomo, yūgata kara futte kimashita ne.
They said on the weather report that it wouldn’t rain today, but it began raining in the evening, didn’t it.

Takeuchi-san ni denwa o kaketa keredo rusu deshita.
I called Takeuchi, but she was out.

2. Used at the end of a sentence, implies something that qualifies what is actually stated: “well, yes, but …”

Note: This usage is essentially the same as that in no. 1, above, except that here the second clause isn’t stated outright. (Words in brackets below show only one of various imaginable contexts.)

Tama ni wa ryokō ni mo ikitai to omotte iru-n desu kedo . . .
I’d really like to go on a trip once in a while … [but I don’t have the time].

Watashi wa gorufu o shinai wake de wa nai-n desu kedo
It’s not that I don’t play golf … [but I really don’t like it that much].

3. Indicates a preliminary remark.

Mada hassha made ichi-jikan mo arimasu kedo, dō shimashō ka.
There’s still an hour until [the train] departs, [so] what shall we do [in the meanwhile]? •

Tani desu kedo, Tomoko-san irasshaimasu ka.
This [my name is] is Tani. Is Tomoko there?

4. Used at the end of a sentence, emphasizes the sense that the speaker wants the event to come out as stated: “it would be nice if, I hope.”

Hayaku atatakaku naru to ii-n da kedo
It would be nice if it got warm soon. / I hope it gets warm soon.

Mō sukoshi ōkii no ga hoshii-n da keredo
I’d like to have one that’s a little bigger. / I had hoped for some-thing a little larger.

– Source: All about particles – A handbook of Japanese function words


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