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Japanese Particles that Indicate a Reason or Cause

Japanese Particles that Indicate a Reason or Cause

1. て (te) 2. で (de) 3. から (kara) 4. ので (node) 5. もので (mono de) 1. て (te) As the connection between two clauses, the て form of adjectives and verbs can indicate a reason at the end of ...
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Japanese Particles that Indicate a Question or Uncertainty

Japanese Particles that Indicate a Question or Uncertainty

1a-b. か (ka) 2. かな (kana) 3. かしら (kashira) 4. の (no) 5. って (tte) 1a. か (ka) Indicates a question at the end of a sentence. Its tone has the politeness expected in everyday conversation with strangers or social ...
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Japanese Particles that Indicate Direction

Japanese Particles that Indicate Direction

1.に/へ (ni/e) 2.から (kara) 3.から...まで (kara...made) 4.より (yori) 1.に/へ (ni/e) Indicates the direction toward which something is moving. In this sense に and へ are interchangeable. English equivalent: "to." i) 歩あるいて駅えきに/へ行いきます。 I will walk to the station. ii) 銀座ぎんざにに/へ行いくには、地下鉄ちかてつが便利べんりでしょう。 The ...
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Japanese Particles Showing Connections between Words

1. と (to) 2. も (mo) 3. も...も (mo...mo) 4. や 5. や...や...など (ya...ya...nado) 6. に (ni) 7. とか (toka) 8. やら (yara) 9. て (te) 10a-b. たり...たり (-tari...-tari) 11. ては (tewa) 1. と (to) Indicates a connection between nouns that ...
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japanese particles indicating place

Japanese Particles Indicating Place

1. で (de) 2. に (ni) 3. の (no) 4. へ/に (he/ni) 1. で (de) Indicates the place where an action takes place. Compare this with に (2c), which has a similar function with a limited number of verbs. English ...
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Japanese Particles Indicating Time

Japanese Particles Indicating Time

1. に (ni) 2. から (kara) 3. まで 4. までに 5. から...まで (kara ... made) 6. より (yori) 7. ほど (hodo) 8. くらい, ぐらい (kurai, gurai) 9. ころ, ごろ (koro, goro) 10. ばかり (bakari) 1. に (ni) Used after words ...
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Particle types in Japanese

Particle types in Japanese

It is possible to classify particles into case particles, focus particles, conjunctional particles, and sentence-final particles. 1. Case particles Case particles usually follow nouns and express the function of the noun in the sentence or in the phrase. More specifically, ...
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Newborn Baby Congratulations Messages and Wishes in Japanese

Newborn Baby Congratulations Messages and Wishes in Japanese

ご安産あんざんでおめでとうございます。 Goanzan de omedeto gozaimasu. Congratulations on the birth of your child. This is the standard formal expression for congratulating the mother of a newborn baby or any of the immediate family. Such congratu-lations are traditionally regarded as falling within ...
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How to Avoid Saying You in Japanese

How to Avoid Saying “You” in Japanese

Anata (あなた) translates as "you," but its use is generally avoided. One exception is when wives call their husbands anata; then it has the special meaning of "darling." When talking to someone, you can be safe and say his or ...
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The Top 11 Mistakes Japanese Language Beginners Make

The Top 11 Mistakes Japanese Language Beginners Make

Do these things only if you want to be seen as a newbie! 1. Use -san when referring to oneself. Never, never do this. 2. Write: konnichi wa with a hiragana わ wa The word konnichi wa (hello) uses the ...
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