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All About Japanese Particles

Introduction

All About Japanese Particles: は (wa)

Note: Wa has several usages, but its basic function is to set off a topic (e.g., of conversation) from the ...
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All About Japanese Particles: が (ga)

I. Indicates the subject of the sentences or, with certain verbs and adjectives, the object. 1. Indicates existence; used with ...
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All About Japanese Particles: も (mo)

Note: See also -te mo (-de mo), #4, and de mo, #5. 1. Indicates that two words are equal in ...
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All About Japanese Particles: ても (でも) -te mo (-de mo)

Note: Here we are concerned with mo in combination with the - te (-de) form of verbs and the -kute ...
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All About Japanese Particles: とは (to wa)

1. Indicates a word or phrase being defined, or for which a defi-nition is being asked. UNとは、国連のことです。 UN to wa, ...
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All About Japanese Particles: とか (toka)

1. Joins nouns, verbs (clauses), or adjectives to indicate several representative items from a much larger possible listing: "among other ...
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All About Japanese Particles: でも (demo)

Note: In all usages except no. 6, de mo can be replaced by the more informal datte (not included in ...
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All About Japanese Particles: など (nado)

Note: Nanka is an informal equivalent, and nazo and nanzo more formal equivalents. Indicates that a series of items is ...
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All About Japanese Particles: や (ya)

1. Joins nouns to indicate a non-exhaustive list of items: "such things as, and ... and." Note: Ya implies that ...
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All About Japanese Particles: と (to)

I. Follows nouns; indicates such meanings as "and" and "with," and sets off names. 1. Joins nouns, usually two or ...
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All About Japanese Particles: か (ka)

I. Indicates a question; found at the end of a sentence. 1. Indicates a simple question. これはだれの傘ですか。 Kore wa dare ...
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All About Japanese Particles: で (de)

1. Indicates the location of an action: "at, in." Note: Contrast with ni (#13, no. 2). 昨日銀座のレストランで晩ごはんを食べました。 Kinō Ginza no ...
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Series


Common Japanese Phrases

Words don't exist as independent units, to be inserted into grammatical slots by a speaker exercising absolute authority over their ...
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All About Japanese Particles

In this book, I propose to clarify the functions of a considerable number of particles, to describe their various usages, ...
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